Number 12(178) 2017

Natallia Chechyk, Yuliya Rushkevich, Irina Abelskaya, Sergey Likhachev
Physiological aspects of sleep
The article describes physiological features of normal sleep and considers the related pathology.

Vladimir Kovalzon
Reticular upward activating system: third revision
The material deals with the glutamatergic activating system and the hierarchically organized system of wakefulness centers.

Vladimir Kulchitsky
Having dreams means having a future
The material deals with the cholinergic system, which plays a key role during sleep. The author considers a hypothesis that sleep helps to improve the processes of plasticity in the brain and triggers the recovery mechanisms.

Natallia Chechyk, Yuliya Rushkevich
Value and methods of insomnia prevention
The authors consider the historical facts and contemporary problems of sleep disorder, basic concepts of insomnia and hypersomnia, as well as give recommendations for hygiene of sleep and diet to improve sleep.

Zhanna Komarova
Intelligent specialization with strengths
The innovation and industrial cluster “Micro-, Optoand Microwave Electronics” participants talk about the process of its formation and their expectations related to a new form of organizing innovation processes.

Alexandr Pavlov
Ruralization: Matter, emergence, classification
The author explains the ruralization as a process with its economic, social and environmental components. He gives the reasons, types and motives for the population migration. It was analyzed and showed that rural depopulation depended on natural conditions and remoteness of large cities.

Mikhail Kovalev, Wang Xing, Diana Kukareka
Comparative analysis of innovations’ dynamics in Belarus and China
Аn attempt has been made with the help of a global innovation index, assessing the innovation potential and the results, to identify the reasons for the differences in the building of the knowledge economy in China and Belarus.

Valery Belski, Larisa Trigubovich
The problem of innovative personnel potential formation
The article considers the problems and features of the innovative economy staffing, the requirements to the personnel training in the context of the national innovation system development and suggests the ways for the educational process improving.

Vladimir Linkov
Theoretical and practical aspects of knowledge perception
A new theory of general educational and professional knowledge perception was formulated as a result of the conducted research.

Alisa Aksiuchyts
Belarusian exporters entering the Latin American markets
Based on the economic analysis of some Latin American countries (Colombia, Peru, Chile), which are viewed as new prospective markets, the author shows the opportunities for the Belarusian products export to these counties expansion.

Tamara Chernysheva
Gerald Manshin’s philosophy of security
Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus Gerald Manshin, a specialist in the theory of complex systems computer design, recalls in his memoirs and reflections how he managed to bend the circumstances to his will, and also gives reasons for the Institute of System Security organized in Belarus.

Igor Volotovski, Hanna Paleshka
CRISPR is a system for genomes editing. Is it a breakthrough in the field of medical biology and gene therapy?
The article gives an information on new genetic system engineering technology used in gene therapy of hereditary human diseases. CRISPR/Cas9 system (or simply Crisper-system) opens the wide opportunities in human hereditary and acquired diseases treatment. This is, no doubt, a breakthrough in modern biology, which importance we are still to realize in the nearest future.

Olga Kandelinskaya, Elena Grishchenko, Kristina Ripinskaya, Ilya Prokopiev, Galina Filippova, Pavel Bely
Biochemical aspects of adaptive strategy Cladonia stellaris
The article gives a comparative analysis of indicators of endogenous lectin activity, of the total nitrogen and lichenic acid contents, of the aminoacid composition of proteins in the lichen C. stellaris gathered in the South of Belarus and Central Yakutia which enabled to conclude about the specific way of biochemical adaptation in this species depending on the habitat.